Radio astronomers discover 8 new millisecond pulsars
A group of astronomers has discovered 8 millisecond pulsars located within the dense clusters of stars, known as “globular clusters'', using South Africa’s MeerKAT radio telescope.
All supermassive black holes in the centres of galaxies appear to have periods when they swallow matter from their close surroundings. But that is about as far as the similarities go. That's the conclusion reached by British astronomers at Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, working as part of a team led by colleagues in the Netherlands and South Africa. The astronomers base their conclusions on ultra-sensitive radio telescope observations of a well-studied region of the sky. They publish their findings in two articles to be published in the international journal Astronomy & Astrophysics.
Two astronomy networks are coming together to form Europe’s largest ground-based astronomy collaborative network: the ORP. The ORP will provide scientists with access to a wide range of instruments, promote training for young astronomers, and open the way to new discoveries. The CNRS will be responsible for coordinating the ORP, which is supported by €15 million of funding from the H2020 programme.
After more than two decades, an international research team has identified a galactic mystery source of gamma rays: a heavy neutron star with a very low mass companion orbiting it. Using novel data analysis methods running on about 10,000 graphics cards in the distributed citizen science project, Einstein@Home, the team identified the neutron star by its regularly pulsating gamma rays in a deep search of data from NASA's Fermi satellite. Surprisingly, the neutron star is completely invisible in radio waves. The binary system was characterised with an observing campaign across the electromagnetic spectrum, and breaks several records.
Astronomers have captured the first ever detailed images of unusual stellar winds which surround dying stars as they reach the end of their existence. The extraordinary images show mesmerising shapes which solve a century-long mystery about the death of stars like the Sun.
An international team of astronomers including UK scientists from Manchester and Cardiff, today announced the discovery of a rare molecule – phosphine – in the clouds of Venus. On Earth, this gas is only made industrially, or by microbes that thrive in oxygen-free environments.
In late 2019 the red supergiant closest to Earth, Betelgeuse, began to rapidly fade in brightness. Initially thought to be a sign that the star was about to go supernova or that it experienced a dust storm, scientists have now found that it was caused by a gigantic star spot 10% colder than the rest of the star’s surface.
The iconic Jodrell Bank Observatory at The University of Manchester is taking its first major steps to resume operations after lockdown as part of what is probably the biggest ‘reboot’ in the history of astrophysics.
The University of Manchester has appointed Andrew Siemion as an Honorary Professor in Astronomy, within the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics (JBCA). Siemion is the Bernard M. Oliver Chair for SETI at the SETI Institute and Principal Investigator for the Breakthrough Listen Initiative at the University of California, Berkeley.
Telescopes in the European VLBI Network (EVN), including Jodrell Bank's Mark II Telescope, have observed a repeating Fast Radio Burst (FRB) in a spiral galaxy similar to our own. This FRB is the closest to Earth ever localised and was found in a radically different environment to previous studies. The discovery, once again, changes researchers’ assumptions on the origins of these mysterious extragalactic events.
Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire has been named as the UK’s newest UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognising the Observatory's role in transforming our understanding of the Universe. The Observatory becomes the UK’s 32nd site to be added to the prestigious list alongside international sites such as Machu Picchu, the Great Wall of China and the Taj Mahal.
Astronomers from around the world have combined radio telescopes on five continents, including Jodrell Bank, to prove the existence of a narrow stream of material, known as a jet, emerging from aftermath of a violent merger of neutron stars.
A major new radio sky survey has revealed hundreds of thousands of previously undetected galaxies, shedding new light on many research areas including the physics of black holes and how clusters of galaxies evolve. An international team of more than 200 astronomers from 18 countries, including staff from the University of Manchester's Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, has published the first phase of the survey at unprecedented sensitivity using the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) telescope.
An international team of astrophysicists, including researchers from The University of Manchester’s Jodrell Bank Observatory, have discovered that a remarkable star has been continuously erupting, on an annual basis, for millions of years.
Visitors to Jodrell Bank will notice that the Lovell Telescope is currently out of action for maintenance. Two significant tasks are being undertaken: painting and steelwork repairs at the top of one of the supporting towers, and replacement of the original 1957 surface.
The Chinese engineering group CETC (China Electronics Technology Corporation) has entered into a collaboration agreement with The University of Manchester’s School of Physics and Astronomy, and School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering – the agreement focuses on research and development of technologies relating to radio astronomy.This agreement paves the way for the formation of a new joint research laboratory for Radio Astronomy Advanced Instrumentation Research (RAAIR).
An international team of astronomers have discovered an unusual laser emission that suggests the presence of a double star system hidden at the heart of the “spectacular” Ant Nebula. The extremely rare phenomenon is connected to the death of a star and was discovered in observations made by European Space Agency’s (ESA) Herschel space observatory.
Scientists agree the sun will die in approximately five billion years, but they weren’t sure what would happen next… until now. A team of international astronomers, including Professor Albert Zijlstra from the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, predict it will turn into a massive ring of luminous, interstellar gas and dust, known as a planetary nebula.
The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) has awarded the 2018 Group Achievement Award to the Planck team (see citation below). The Planck satellite was launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) in 2009 and successfully operated until early 2013 when its supply of liquid helium was exhausted.
JBCA is one of twelve institutes participating in JUMING JIVE (Joining up Users for Maximising the Profile, the Innovation and the Necessary Globalisation of JIVE), which has been awarded nearly €3 million by the EU's Horizon 2020 Programme over the next 4 years.
Minister of State for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation, Jo Johnson MP, learnt more about the UK’s role in cutting-edge space exploration yesterday (9 February) as he toured The University of Manchester’s Jodrell Bank Observatory and the international headquarters of the Square Kilometre Array, the project to build the world's largest radio telescope.
An international team of astronomers have for the first time pinpointed the location of a so-called 'fast radio burst' - a type of short-duration radio flash of unknown origin - and have used this to identify its host galaxy over 3 billion light years away.
An international team of astronomers have observed the nearby evolved star L2 Puppis using the ALMA radio telescope in Chile. Five billion years ago, L2 Pup was an almost perfect twin of our present-day Sun, so these observations allow us to see the distant future of our own solar system.
Astronomers at the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics have harnessed the power of distributed computing from the UK’s GridPP collaboration in using the curvature of space-time, known as cosmic shear, to tackle one of the Universe’s biggest mysteries – the nature of dark matter and dark energy.