Research group or theme title

Intro with a length of 155 characters or less. This text is exactly 155 characters + spaces. If this is'nt practical then please keep as short as possible.

The magnetic field along the Galactic plane
A GOOD QUALITY IMAGE RELATING TO RESEARCH GROUP/THEME. The magnetic field along the Galactic plane. The image portrays the interaction between interstellar dust in the Milky Way and the structure of our Galaxy’s magnetic field. Credit: ESA-Planck Collaboration, by Marc-Antoine Miville-Deschenes.

There should be a short summary of the purpose of the research, eg: "Our research focuses on…" either in the intro or in a separate sentence/short paragraph (which the content editor can highlight in a box) so that the reader quickly understands the purpose of the research. The image should ideally be mentioned in the text as an example of the research, unless it is obvious from the image caption.

Subtitles with keywords help SEO (Search Engine Optimisation) and assist with reading long passages of text

Try and use a list to group (eg aims of the research):

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet

Subtitles with keywords help SEO and help the reader quickly find content they are interested in

Short paragraphs. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur.

Short paragraphs. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Research activities (examples)

  • Simulations and modelling
    The evolution of a molecular cloud showing gas collapsing to form a long filament in when stars form (no sound).

    Molecular clouds are the stellar nurseries where clouds of gas are transformed into clusters of stars by gravity.

    Currently we are living in a golden age of astronomy, where revolutionary telescopes such as the Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) in the Atacama desert are able to resolve star formation on size scales as small as our solar system. Such facilities should enable us to study the process of star formation in great detail and work out the key physical processes that make stars. However, there is a major obstacle to this approach.

    Molecular clouds in space are very much like clouds in the sky, in that they are complex objects with no firm boundaries that are hard to characterise. Surprisingly, it is modern super-computers that may finally allow us to solve this complex problem. Computer programs can be designed to use the equations of gravity and fluid motion to make simulations of molecular clouds. These simulations allow numerical experiments to be performed in order to test how star formation may be influenced by effects such as temperature variations, supersonic turbulence and magnetic fields.

  • Massive star formation/ filaments

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

    A figure showing the filament network we find in one of our simulations (left) and the emission in the 18CO (1-0) line that we predict from this (right).
    Figure: filaments.
    A figure showing the filament network we find in one of our simulations (left) and the emission in the 18CO (1-0) line that we predict from this (right).
    Click for a full-size image.
  • Forced magnetic reconnection in the solar corona

    Forced reconnection occurs when an external disturbance at the boundary of a plasma triggers the formation of a current sheet with subsequent energy release by magnetic reconnection. We have developed linear analytical models of forced reconnection both for a single pulse and oscillatory driving, as well as numerical MHD simulations of nonlinear aspects. These confirm the major theoretical conclusion that the role of an external perturbation is just to trigger the process, while the released energy is tapped from the energy excess accumulated in the initial magnetic configuration. Therefore, even a weak and energetically minor external influence can result in a major magnetic relaxation of a system, which may have important implications for understanding magnetic explosive events such as solar flares.

    Ongoing research is focusing on improving understanding of the role of the two-fluid effects such a the Hall effect in forced and spontaneous (tearing instability) magnetic reconnection.

  • Guidelines and requirements

    The above example content shows a typical page structure.
    The following 3 sections are intended to help you create/ edit text content and other types of content for a research page.
    General guidelines for web writing - guidelines for preparing text and images.
    Page content: Intro and main text - a few pointers when writing the page's intro and main text content.
    Summary of requirements - the content that needs to be provided to build a page.

    General guidelines for web writing

    Boost your Google ranking and keep visitors

    Content
    1. HOW TO PLAN YOUR WEB PAGE. Prepare keywords before writing the page content. Think about the words users would type in Google search to find your pages and put them on your list of keywords. The text on your page must contain those words.
    2. HOW TO WRITE FOR THE WEB. Content should be written compactly, clearly and concisely, including all keywords and avoiding long confusing or general statements. Use SHORT meaningful sentences where possible.
    3. PAGE STRUCTURE. Get to the point at the beginning. The page should start with an information summary (1 paragraph brief abstract), delivering all key points of the page content providing an option (links/sub-titles) to read more further along.
    4. CONTENT LAYOUT. Content should be modular, broken into blocks/paragraphs with max 4-5 lines long with short titles for each paragraph (if possible) containing the keywords.
    Images

    Captions should be included where possible (incl. keywords)

    Explicit filenames:

    Best: magnetic-field-along-galactic-plane _700x315.jpg

    To be avoided: IMG00023.JPG

    Image description

    Best: <alt="The magnetic field along the Galactic plane. ">

    To be avoided: <alt=" The magnetic field along the Galactic plane. The image portrays the interaction between interstellar dust in the Milky Way and the structure of our Galaxy's magnetic field. Credit: ESA-Planck Collaboration, by Marc-Antoine Miville-Deschenes.">

    NB Short image descriptions are not always possible on the JBCA site – as is the case on the example image on this page, where a credit must be given and the text is necessary to explain the image.

    Example of content template

    Write a List of keywords: keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3, keyword 4, keyword 5, keyword 6, keyword 7, keyword 8

    Write the content: based on keywords

    TITLE 1 keyword 1, keyword 2

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consect etuer adipiscing elit, sed diam non ummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laore et dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi keyword 1 ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation keyword 8. Et iusto odio keyword 2 qui blandit prae sent nulla facilisi. Lorem ipsum dolor keyword 7 elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod keyword 3 ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat.

    TITLE 2 keyword 3, keyword 4

    quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper sus cipit modo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam keyword 3 nibh euismod. keyword 5 ad minim veniam. Et iusto odio keyword 4 qui blan dit. aug ue duis dolore te feugait nulla erat fac ilisi. Lorem keyword 5 keyword 6 amet, te consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam. Sed diam keyword 7 nibh euismod wisi tincidunt ut keyword 8 dolore magnat.

    Page content: Intro and main text

    Introduction text

    Intro with a length of 155 characters with spaces or less is ideal as this can then be used for the Meta Description Tag. The t4 Content Management System (CMS) restricts this field to 155 characters. If this length isn’t possible, the web content editor will try to edit the length just for the meta tag.

    This site counts characters as you type: https://wordcounter.net/

    Meta Description text example:

    The UoM’s home page Meta Description text is: "Part of the prestigious Russell Group of universities, The University of Manchester is the largest single-site university in the UK, with the biggest student community.", and this is the same text that appears in a Google search:

    Example banner.

    The source code (which shows the meta name="description" tag) for the UoM page can be viewed here: view-source:http://www.manchester.ac.uk/

    Main text content

    Short paragraphs with subtitles work best for reading web content. Lists are also useful for summarising content, List example here: Sun, Stars and Galaxies

    If your content has to be lengthy then the page could act as a summary and a PDF could be linked to for more information.

    Summary of requirements

    1. Subject matter for the banner. More than one subject can be suggested.
    2. Page title (the group or theme).
    3. Introduction.
    4. Main text.
    5. Image(s) relating to the research. Optional but desirable.
    6. Research activities (if available) for the accordian content.
    7. Staff Spotlight image and short quote. Has to be good quality and large enough to be cropped to size (200x250 pixels).
    8. Related links. Optional.
    9. YouTube video relating to the research. Or, give subject matter for a video. Optional but desirable.
    10. Keywords. A list of words - or short phrases eg "black hole" users would type in Google search to find your page, delimited by commas and with the most important words first (there is a text length restriction of 200 characters with spaces so if the list is longer, the web editor will delete the last, first).

    Staff spotlight

    Staff Spotlight Male Silhouette

    Academic's name

    Role eg Professor of Astrophysics

    Short quote relating to research.

    The above content has a link built in that cannot be removed. It can link to another page on the site eg a Staff Spotlight page, otherwise it just refreshes this page. 

    Related YouTube vid from reputable source such as NASA/ESA.

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